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According to research and science, there are several common eye disorders and vision problems that can cause serious discomfort in your eyes. Our eyes are one of the vital body organs that have great significance. So, it is really important to take proper care of our eyes in order to stay away from eye diseases and see this beautiful world. However, there are different types of eye diseases that can even lead to loss of vision. Here, in this article, you will come to know about different eye disorders with their meanings and explanations. Scroll down to know more.
List of Some Common Eye Disorders
- Cataract – Cataract is a common eye disease in which the lens of the eye becomes clouded and causes severe loss of vision. The major symptoms of this eye disorder include cloudy vision, difficulty in seeing during nighttime, blurry, and foggy vision. According to research, it was founded that there are 12 million blind people in India, out of which 63 percent of blind people got blind due to cataract disease. This eye problem is common during old age among people. This disease is common especially in India due to high levels of UV exposure, diabetes, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, and eye inflammation.
- Macular Degeneration – Macular degeneration is a serious eye disease that causes loss in the central part of the retina or macula that results in the distortion of the central vision. This eye disease is common in people who are of seventy-five years and older. There are basically two types of macular degeneration, one is dry age-related macular degeneration and the other is wet age-related macular degeneration. The common causes for developing this eye condition are intake of high saturated fats, obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, and genetic reasons. This disease can be treated by having laser surgery and eye medications.
- Glaucoma – Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that damages the optic nerve. The main role of the optic nerve is to send visual information from the eye to your brain. This disease can occur at any age, but mainly it occurs in people above 60 years of age. There are basically two types of glaucoma that include open angle glaucoma and acute angle-closure glaucoma. Its symptoms include headache, severe pain in the eyes, nausea, vomiting, redness in the eyes, blurred vision, and loss of eye vision.
- Refractive Errors – Refractive errors are a common eye condition that prevents the light from focusing directly on the back of the eye, which in turn causes blurry vision, difficulty in focusing on things or objects, severe headaches, eye strains, and squinting. This particular eye condition can be treated by applying sunglasses, contact lenses, corneal-based corrective laser surgery, doing photorefractive keratectomy, and lens-based surgery.
- Diabetic Retinopathy – Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the eye disorders that is caused by the rise in sugar levels or diabetes. In this particular eye condition, the rising high blood sugar levels cause damage to the blood vessels that are present in the retina. The increase in sugar levels causes swelling in the blood vessels. It can also cause the growth of new blood vessels on the retina. The basic symptoms of this disease include blurry vision, poor night vision, an increase in the number of floaters, inability to notice changes in colors like faded colors, and loss of vision. The best way to get rid of this eye disease is by controlling your blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
- Amblyopia – Amblyopia is a disease that occurs in early childhood. In this eye condition, there is a reduction in the vision of one eye that is caused by abnormal visual development in a person’s earlier life. The basic symptoms of this eye condition include poor depth perception, shutting of an eye, tilting of the head, and vision problems. In this disease, the brain of the individual starts ignoring the blurry eye and only uses the eye with clear vision.
- Strabismus – Strabismus is a typical eye condition in which both the eyes of a person don’t look in the same position or direction. This problem is caused due to stroke, head injury, and the production of thyroid hormone in the body. There are several options through which this disease can be treated, like as using eyeglasses, taking vision therapy, undergoing eye muscle surgery, and treatment through prisms.
- Dry Eye Disorder – Dry Eye disorder is one of the common diseases when tears cannot provide lubrication in your eyes. The quantity of tears inside your eyes reduces to a great extent, which causes dryness in your eyes. It causes an inconvenience in your eyes that causes severe damage to your eye’s surface. The symptoms of dry eye disorder include a burning sensation in your eyes, stringy mucus, redness in the eyes, difficulty in wearing contact lenses, irritation in the eyes, and eye fatigue. If further irritation persists, then you can consult any eye specialist who can suggest further ways to deal with this eye issue.
- Color Blindness – Color blindness is an inherited eye disorder in which the person cannot distinguish between different colors. In this eye condition, the person usually cannot distinguish between the shades of red and green colors. However, if this disease is inherited, then there is no cure for that case. In this eye condition, the person cannot distinguish between different colors. Its symptoms include the inability to see colors differently, mild color deficiency, difficulty in seeing in dim light, and difficulty in analyzing the brightness of different colors.
Eye diseases can be very irritating and can cause serious discomfort in a person’s life. But, there are several ways through which you can easily take good care of your eye health like using salt water for washing your eyes, placing tea bags over your eyes, placing a warm cloth over your eyes, putting rose water drops regularly, and many more natural methods. It is also advised to have a regular eye checkup after certain time intervals for better eye health. However, eating certain food items would surely help in improving your eye health, like carrots, red peppers, salmon fish, carrots, eggs, green leafy vegetables, and walnuts.